Updated: Apr 27
If you missed the beginning of the series you might want to go back and catch up.
Start from the beginning in the Intro Article here.
If you have not read article 1, you can read that here.
and Article 2 here
Plato, one of the fathers of philosophy, had done a lot of teaching concerning the concept of “being.” From there, he developed his “theory of forms.” This theory teaches that behind every physical thing is the idea of that thing. A good illustration is that of a dog. What makes a dog, a dog? Someone in Plato’s lifetime would have suggested that a dog
Can make a forceful noise from its mouth
Has legs, fur, two ears, two eyes, a tongue, a round nose with two nostrils, normally a tail, and
Swallows, digests, and exports material
The dog also sheds material: it sheds its fur. But the dog preserves its identity even if the material (its food or fur) is gone. The idea of the dog preserves its identity.
So ancient philosophers could find the idea behind the dog. We have to wonder how the ancients would have reacted to the discoveries in molecular biology. An average cell is the smallest living thing and yet it is composed of 1,000,000,000,000 parts. Within these cells, you find all sorts of tool-like molecules, including motors and factories. Then you can find them to form tissues, then muscles, then organs and systems making an organism.
Suddenly, you end up finding a vast array of ideas!
Yet, as we look at the vastness of space with its molecules and energies, we have an unfathomable amount of matter which apparently has to operate in accordance with science with no human involvement. Now, if there were zero intelligent designers, then there should be no design. Typically, we hear that these only appear designed.
But sometimes these rules get broken in ways that are obvious. In the mid 2000s, a discovery was made by cosmologists in mapping the cosmic microwave background radiation of our universe. It was so strange that cosmologists call it “The axis of evil.” They discovered a flow band of heat that was only about 5 degrees Fahrenheit wrapping itself around the universe. The band would cross the earth. That radiation anomaly seems to be aligned with the plane of our solar system. This suggests that our solar system's alignment is special in our universe. But even beyond this, physicist have also found a counterclockwise rotation of all the galaxies in the northern sector of the universe, yet somehow this rotation stops right in line with the earth’s equator. These two universal aspects of nature create an axis across the earth. Cosmologists in shock labeled it the axis of evil. In a supposedly purposeless universe X marked the Spot!
So if everything that we are able to observe is filled with ideas, the question is, “Who is thinking them–Who is creating them?”
The idea of the material world is intelligible. In fact, if it were not, then we would not be capable of observing reality. So if the universe is intelligible, then the universe was created, because at a point in time, all ideas are created as thoughts.
Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands, as saith the prophet, “Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: What house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest? Hath not my hand made all these things?”
Proceed to Article 4 here.
Plato theory of forms
So if the universe were without God, it would not have any intelligence. But through a combination of philosophy and science. we see a nearly infinite number of ideas! Where did all these ideas come from? They came from an all-knowing God!
Leibniz cosmological argument
http://biblesmack.blogspot.com/2016/04/giving-education-to-ky-comissioner-of.html "Physicists and astronomers have long believed that the universe has mirror symmetry, like a basketball. But recent findings from the University of Michigan suggest that the shape of the Big Bang might be more complicated than previously thought, and that the early universe spun on an axis.
To test for the assumed mirror symmetry, physics professor Michael Longo and a team of five undergraduates catalogued the rotation direction of tens of thousands of spiral galaxies photographed in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.The mirror image of a counter-clockwise rotating galaxy would have clockwise rotation. More of one type than the other would be evidence for a breakdown of symmetry, or, in physics speak, a parity violation on cosmic scales, Longo said.The researchers found evidence that galaxies tend to rotate in a preferred direction. They uncovered an excess of left-handed, or counter-clockwise rotating, spirals in the part of the sky toward the north pole of the Milky Way. The effect extended beyond 600 million light years away."The excess is small, about 7 percent, but the chance that it could be a cosmic accident is something like one in a million," Longo said. "These results are extremely important because they appear to contradict the almost universally accepted notion that on sufficiently large scales the universe is isotropic, with no special direction.""http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2011/07/-is-the-universe-spinning-new-research-says-yes.html or https://news.umich.edu/the-universe-may-have-been-born-spinning-according-to-new-findings-on-the-symmetry-of-the-cosmos/
The Declaration of Independence clearly speaks not simply of a spirit, but in fact of a Creator who gives us our rights. If Intelligent design is not recognized then the declaration of independence is not recognized either.